Ovarian cysts can be anything from painless to debilitating. Many women may develop ovarian cysts at different points in their life, so it is crucial to recognize the early symptoms. In some situations, women may be able to treat them outside of regular appointments.

Additionally, it is beneficial to know how to differentiate possible cysts from other dangerous pelvic conditions. Regular pelvic exams with your medical provider can help with identifying cysts and determining their cause.

There are different types of ovarian cysts and our caring gynecologist could help identify if you are suffering from one. If you wish to discuss your options for ovarian cyst treatment in Cleveland, contact Dr. Gitiforooz today.

What Are Ovarian Cysts?

Ovarian cysts take many forms, but they are always found in or on a woman’s ovaries. The cyst itself is a fluid-filled mass but its composition may vary depending on what type of cyst it is, such as fibrous scar tissue. A majority of cysts originate during the menstruation cycle. These frequently called functional cysts, which are rarely dangerous, typically do not cause any pain, and will usually resolve themselves within several menstruation cycles. There are two categories of functional cysts.

Follicular cysts

Follicles in the ovaries typically release eggs at the mid-point of a menstrual cycle. They then begin their descent down the fallopian tube toward the uterus. Sometimes, however, the follicle does not rupture to release the egg. The egg gets stuck and continues to grow in the ovary, causing a cyst to form.

Corpus luteum cysts

A follicle’s job in the reproductive cycle does not end after it successfully releases an egg. It then produces estrogen and progesterone to aid in conception. At this stage, the follicle is called the corpus luteum. Corpus luteum cysts develop when the follicle fails to release all of the estrogen and progesterone. Fluid accumulates in the follicle, and a cyst develops.

Less Common Ovarian Cysts

There are three additional non-menstrual-related types of ovarian cysts.

  • Dermoid ovarian cysts (i.e., teratomas), which are rarely cancerous and they often contain embryonic cells.
  • Cystadenomas ovarian cysts, which form on the outside of an ovary.
  • Endometriomas, which can be painful as they are the result of endometriosis. This occurs when some uterine endometrial cells begin reproducing outside of your uterus, and they can eventually attach to your ovaries and form a cyst.

If you are looking to receive treatment in Cleveland for any these types of ovarian cysts, contact our dedicated Ob/Gyn.

Symptoms of Ovarian Cyst

Fortunately, most ovarian cysts are harmless and do not even cause any symptoms. A majority of these cysts will simply go away on their own. Ovarian cysts that do not go way on their own, however, may require treatment. Long-lasting symptoms indicating a persistent ovarian cyst may include:

  • Dull or sharp pelvic pain on the side of the ovarian cyst
  • Chronic feelings of pain or fullness in your abdomen
  • Bloating
  • Pain induced vomiting
  • Pain induced fever
  • Severe pelvic or abdominal pain

Available Ovarian Cyst Treatments in Cleveland

Our Cleveland Ob/Gyn may treat an ovarian cyst in three different ways. The doctor may take a wait-and-see approach, recommending the patient to come back in two or three months for a follow-up exam. This is particularly common if the doctor has determined you have a fluid-filled cyst.

Alternatively, the gynecologist may prescribe birth control pills or other hormonal supplements to prevent future ovarian cysts from forming. Unfortunately, this does not remove any existing cysts, but it helps prevent them from forming.

Surgery is a last resort option for cyst removal. If a cyst is large, growing, not showing signs of leaving after a few menstrual cycles, or causing severe pain, surgery may be the best option. Should a cyst be cancerous, our compassionate team could determine a patient’s best options.

Contact a Cleveland Ob/Gyn About the Treatment Options for Ovarian Cysts

If you are experiencing pain or discomfort in your pelvis, a member of our team could determine if you have an ovarian cyst. We could explain your treatment options as well as address any other concerns you may have. To learn more about ovarian cyst treatment in Cleveland, call our office today.